I drank all reverse osmosis water and distilled water for almost several years, huge amount of years ago I assumed that purified drinking water would be the healthiest.
Studies have proven otherwise.
Water that is purified generally thru reverse osmosis, distillation and deionization is as well demineralized. The World everyday’s health Organization released a study with sufficient evidence of soundness of body risks related to drinking demineralized water.
Info from the WHO study was based on experimental and observational studies.
While observations were collected from populations who drink desalinated water on p of people drinking reverse osmosis water, experiments had been conducted on laboratory animals and with human volunteers, and infants given beverages made with distilled water.
In the WHO study, demineralized water is defined as water that contains little or no dissolved minerals in it. Except in rain water and ice, demineralized water isn’t searched for abundantly in nature.
Groundwater and surface water that are searched with success for most abundantly in nature are not chemically pure water.
That kind of waters usually contain tiny amounts of tal dissolved substances. Notice that artificially produced demineralized water were at the beginning used in industries and laboratories. In the 1960s, the technologies happened to be more obtainable for drinking water treatment, particularly where the source water was either ocean water or incredibly rough or contaminated.
Demineralized water is reported to taste horrible to most guys and thus may affect the quantity of water anyone consume and whether they stay hydrated or not. Drinking water of lower mineral content conclusively showed that it had a negative effect on functions in the corpus that control water and mineral metabolism.
This imbalance increases urine output, alter the balance of minerals and water inside and outside cell membranes, and affects hormones that are integral part of managing of corps water balance.
In 1993, the German Society for Nutrition came to identical conclusions and warned the communal against drinking distilled water.
This society enlightened that water in the human corps oftentimes contains specific concentrations of electrolytes that are controlled with the help of the torso. Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals such as potassium and sodium. The symptoms of ingesting quite low mineral water over a long time span might be gradual and with subtle reviewing. You shall get this seriously. Consuming demineralized water right after intense or prolonged physic activity may cause acute symptoms such as delirium or shock.
Water intoxication can occur with ingestion of a huge percentage of water within a shorter time span.
This risk increases with water that has lower mineral content. Demineralized water can substantially affect the balance of those key minerals in the corpus, though food is a way richer source of calcium and magnesium intake than water.
And are more readily absorbed from water compared to food where they are mostly bound to various substances, in the center of reasons for this is cause the elements are generally present in water as free ions. Latter studies assume that the intake of soft water can be related to a higher risk of fracture in children and decreased bone density in adults.
Studies searched for that cooking with demineralized water caused a tremendous loss of essential elements from most foods.
In some cases, the loss of calcium and magnesium was as much as 60percentage. You see, it’s enormously corrosive, since quite low mineral water is unstable. It will much more possibly absorb metals and organic substances from water like tanks and pipes holdings.
In magnesium, calcium and addition in food and water can help stop the absorption of heavy metals from the intestines to the blood. Drinking water that contains little or no essential minerals is tied with numerous general health risks related to water and mineral imbalance, increased risk of fractures in children and decalcification of bone in adults.
It is related to big blood pressure and heart duodenal, disease or gastric pregnancy complications, weakness, muscle cramps, ulcers and also thyroid constraints, fatigue, and several complications with newborns and infants.
The WHO did not recommend specific levels of essential minerals in water. Various researchers have adviced a minimum of 20 mg/l of calcium and ten mg/l of magnesium.
Demineralized water that has not been remineralized. WHO, and thus, its regular consumption may not be providing adequate levels of some beneficial nutrients. This application is a continuation in an integral component of patent application Ser. Normally, provisional Patent Application 60/533583, filed on Dec.
Oxidative reductive potential water, famous as ‘superoxidized’ water, could be used as a non xic disinfectant to eradicate microorganisms, as well as bacteria, viruses and spores, in kinds of settings. ORP water can be applied in the healthcare and medic device fields to disinfect surfaces and medicinal equipment. Or avoids the obligation for costly disposal procedures, Advantageously, RP water is environmentally safe. Furthermore, oRP water has application in wound consumer, hospitals, medicinal device sterilization, care and food sterilization households and antibioterrorism.
It has an incredibly limited ‘shelf life’, mostly solely some hours, even if ORP water is an effective disinfectant. Of this pretty short lifespan, the production of ORP water must get place in close proximity to where ORP water is to be used as a disinfectant. All in all, this means that a healthcare facility, such as maintain, property, must purchase and likewise a hospital the equipment needed to produce ORP water. Basically, additionally, prior manufacturing techniques have not been able to produce sufficient ‘TV infomercial scale’ quantities of ORP water to permit its widespread use as a disinfectant at healthcare facilities.
Accordingly, a necessity exists for a ORP water that is stable over an extended notice of time and methods of using such a ORP water.
ORP water. The present invention provides such a ORP water and methods of preparing and using such a ORP water. And special inventive features, that kind of and next invention privileges should be apparent from the description of the invention provided herein. The present invention provides an oxidative reductive potential water solution, wherein the solution is stable for at least ‘twenty four’ hours, and methods of using such a ORP water solution. Have you heard of something like that before? In one embodiment, the present invention provides a method of preventing or treating a condition in a patient, which method consists of administering to the patient a therapeutically effective quantity of. Virtually, the condition can comprise medicinal conditions such as, upper respiratory conditions, the like, systemic infections.
The present invention additionally provides a method of treating impaired or damaged tissue, which method involves contacting the impaired or damaged tissue with a therapeutically effective percentage of a ORP water solution, wherein the solution is stable for at least ‘twentyfour’ hours.
The method includes treating tissue, which is impaired or damaged with the help of surgery or which is impaired or damaged with the help of causes that are not necessarily relate to surgery, infections, burns, scrapes, puncture wounds, abrasions, cuts, rashes or ulcers, and similar.
The present invention further provides a method of disinfecting a surface, which method involves contacting the surface with an antiinfective percentage of a ORP water solution, wherein the solution is stable for at least twenty 4 hours.
The surface could be a combination, biological, inanimate or of such surfaces is disinfected in accordance with the present invention. Biological surfaces and combinations thereof, mucosal tissue, bone tissue,gan tissue, muscle tissue, can, g and comprise be disinfected in accordance with the present invention. Inanimate surfaces involve, surgically implantable medic, prosthetic devices and in addition devices.
The ORP water invention solution is contained within a sealed container and is stable for at least twentyfour hours. The ORP water invention solution can make up anode water and cathode water. In one embodiment, the ORP water invention solution includes hydrogen peroxide and one or more chlorine species. Seriously. An apparatus and processes for producing the ORP water present solution invention in addition are provided. Consequently, the present invention provides a method of preventing or treating a condition in a patient, which method involves administering to the patient a therapeutically effective quantity of an oxidative reductive potential water solution, wherein the solution is stable for at least twenty 4 hours. For example, the condition can comprise, medic the like, which, illnesses, allergies, injuries and conditions are treatable with the ORP water present solution invention.
The therapeutically effective amount administered to the patient, an animal, in or quite a human context of the present the context invention gonna be sufficient to effect a therapeutic or prophylactic response in the patient over a reasonable time frame. The dose is readily determined using methods that are famed in the craftsmanship. Remember, one savvy in the craft will recognize that the specific dosage level for any particular patient will depend upon quite a few concerns. The dose is determined based on strength of the particular the strength ORP water solution employed, the severity of the condition, the corpus weight of the patient, the age of mental, the physic and the patient condition of the patient, sex, nutrition, common soundness or the like. Size of the dose The size could be determined based on nature, the existence and extent of any adverse aftereffects that might accompany the administration of a particular ORP water solution. Notice, it’s to, whenever feasible and desirable keep adverse aftereffect to a minimum.
Aspects, which could be taken to account for a specific dosage can time of administration, as an example, pharmacodynamics, metabolic profile, rate of excretion, involve, route of administration and likewise bioavailability connected with a particular ORP water solution in a particular patient, and similar stuff. Additional aspects can involve, the potency or ORP effectiveness water solution with respect to the particular condition to be treated, the severity of the symptoms presented prior to or in the course of the course of therapy, and similar stuff. Nonetheless, in some instances, what constitutes a therapeutically effective amount as well is in fraction, by and determined the use of one or assays more, bioassays, which are reasonably clinically predictive of the efficacy of a particular ORP water solution for the treatment or prevention of a particular condition.
The ORP water present solution invention could be administered in, therapeutically and alone combination with one or more next therapeutic a human, agents, to, to a patient or treat an existing condition. The ORP water present solution invention is administered alone, prophylactically and in combination with one or more other therapeutic that, a human, agents, to a patient and is exposed to one or more causative agents related to the condition. It is the ORP water invention solution could be suitably administered to a patient that is exposed to one or more ‘infectioncausing’ microorganisms prophylactically to inhibit or decrease the likelihood of infection in a patient, or decrease the severity of an infection that develops because of such exposure.
One savvy in the craftsmanship will appreciate that suitable methods of administering the ORP water present solution invention are attainable, and likewise even when more than one administration route could be used, a particular route can provide a more immediate and more effective reaction than another route. The therapeutically effective amount could be the dose required to achieve an effective ORP level water solution in an individual patient. As and likewise as an example the amount required to be administered to an individual patient to achieve a blood tissue level, the therapeutically effective amount is defined or level/or intracellular ORP level water of the present invention to prevent or treat the condition in the patient.
While depending or for sake of example interindividual differences in distribution, pharmacokinetics, the like, metabolism and also, when the effective level is used as a preferred endpoint for dosing, the actual dose or schedule can vary upon. The effective level can vary when the ORP water present solution invention is used in combination with one or more therapeutic agents aside from the ORP water present solution invention, one or more ‘antiinfective’ more, agents and one moderating, modulating or neutralizing agents, as described in Pat.
An appropriate indicator could be used for determining and/or monitoring the effective level.
The effective level is determined by direct analysis or by indirect analysis of appropriate patient samples. The effective level is determined, for instance, indirect or by direct observations such as, the concentration of urinary metabolites, rearrangement in markers connected with the condition, decrease in the symptoms tied with the conditions, and stuff. Of course the ORP present water invention could be administered using any suitable method of administration famous in the craftsmanship. The ORP present water invention is administered in combination with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable vehicles, carriers, which, adjuvants, excipients and diluents are famous in the craft. However, one masterly in the craftsmanship can quickly determine the appropriate formulation and method of administration for administering the ORP water in accordance with the present invention. Any needed adjustments in dose could be readily made with the help of a masterly practitioner to address the nature or condition severity being treated in view of other reviewing, concerns, such as and in addition consequences in the patient’s overall condition, and so on.
In one embodiment, the condition is an upper respiratory condition, which is treatable by the ORP water present solution invention.
Any suitable method of administration could be employed for the treatment or prevention of an upper respiratory condition in accordance with the present invention. As to contact one or more upper airway tissues connected with the upper respiratory condition, Preferably, the RP solution is administered to the upper airway. The ORP present solution invention is administered to the upper airway as a steam or a spray. The ORP water present solution invention is administered by nebulization, atomization or aerosolization. In addition, when the ORP water invention solution is administered by aerosolization, atomization and nebulization, it’s preferably administered in the kind of droplets having a diameter in the range of from around one micron to approximately ten microns.
Methods and devices, which are useful for atomization, aerosolization and nebulization, are famous in the craftsmanship.
Medicinal nebulizers, for instance or are used to deliver a metered dose of a physiologically active liquid to an inspiration gas stream for inhalation by a recipient. Essentially. Lots of information is looked with success for quickly when going on the web. Medicinal nebulizers can operate to generate liquid droplets, which form an aerosol with the inspiration gas. With all that said. In different circumstances medicinal nebulizers might be used to inject water droplets to an inspiration gas stream to provide gas with a suitable moisture content to a recipient, which is quite useful where the inspiration gas stream is provided by a mechanical breathing aid such as anaesthetic, a respirator and ventilator delivery setup.
An exemplary nebulizer is described, let’s say and in WO 95/01137, which describes a hand held device that operates to eject droplets of a medic liquid to a passing air stream, which is generated by a recipient’s inhalation through a mouthpiece.
Another example is searched for in Pat. Needless to say. Generally. Further. With that said.
Method of the present The method invention could be used for preventing or treating an upper respiratory more, condition and which affects one upper respiratory airway lung, tissues, really nasal tissue, sinus tissue and tissue.
Such upper respiratory conditions can a sinusitis, comprise or as an example, which are preventable or treatable, an asthma, a pharyngitis and similar stuff with the ORP present solution invention.
Rather often continues for over months or years, chronic sinusitis typically refers to sinuses inflammation that continues for at least three weeks.
Allergies are frequently related to chronic sinusitis. Then, patients with asthma have a really big frequency of chronic sinusitis. Inhalation of airborne allergens, such as very often, dust, pollen, mold and even set off allergic reactions in turn, may and that contribute to sinusitis. Even though, folks who are allergic to fungi can develop a condition called allergic fungal sinusitis. On p of this, damp weather or pollutants in the air and in buildings in addition can affect folks subject to chronic sinusitis.
Chronic sinusitis is more regular in patients with immune deficiency or abnormalities of mucus secretion or movement, like acute sinusitis. Some patients have severe nasal polyps, severe and also asthma asthmatic responses to aspirin and aspirin like medications. That kind of recent patients have a lofty frequency of chronic sinusitis. On p of that, xrays’, and in case CT, MRIs or essential scans.a doctor can prescribe a course of treatment that will reduce the inflammation and relieve the symptoms, right after diagnosing sinusitis and identifying a doable cause., with no doubt, treating acute sinusitis typically requires re establishing nasal drainage passages, eliminating and in addition controlling the source of the inflammation, and relieving the pain. When present and infection relievers to reduce the pain, doctors usually recommend decongestants to reduce the congestion, antibiotics to control a bacterial pain.
Surgery should be the main disjunctive for treating chronic sinusitis, removal of adenoids, removal of nasal polyps, repair of a deviated endoscopic sinus surgery, septum and similar, when treatment with drugs fails.
It’s thought that the administration of ORP water in accordance with method of the present the method invention could be used for treating chronic sinusitis as disjunctive to potentially avoid more aggressive surgery, therapies and in addition such as antibiotics. It’s estimated that worldwide, one to 2% of all visits to doctors’ offices, clinics or emergency rooms are due to pharyngitis, with regard to pharyngitis. In the United States and Mexico, pharyngitis/tonsillitis accounts for a reported fifteen and 12 million consultations per year. So, it was established that these cases are caused by different bacteria and viruses. Now let me tell you something. On the one hand we see that pharyngitis and nsillitis caused with the help of group A ‘β hemolytic’ Streptococcus notably raise the risk of rheumatic fever in bad populations. It’s suspected that completely five to 15% of pharyngitis cases are caused by this bacterium, and that pretty a bit of the acute cases are because of bacteria and viruses of little epidemiological relevance. Make sure you leave some comments about it in the comment section. The latest cases tend to be ‘selflimiting’ in some months and don’t leave sequelae.
It is verified that a big number of doctors worldwide prescribe antibiotics indiscriminately for acute pharyngitis.
This occurs in a weekly practice, mostly since patients tend to request powerful antibiotics. It’s rough to establish a precise diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis clinically and the cost/aid ratio of treating acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis with antibiotics is questionable. Now please pay attention. In some countries, the waste and even such as Mexico of country management resources to cover the cost of antibiotics, in addition to working weeks missed, represent a noticeable loss with respect to the international budget.
It’s thought that the administration of ORP water in accordance with method of the present the method invention is useful for the adjuvant treatment of acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis.
The empirical treatment of acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis may go with administering a ORP water solution in accordance with the present according to evolution or the outcome, invention o rapid as test for Streptococcus, antibiotics might be initiated from ‘4872’ hours thereafter in case needed. Method of the present The method invention may consequently allow the use of antibiotics to be at, deferred and really similar time, reduce the symptomatology of the patient and accelerate the patient’s recovery when the pharyngitis/tonsillitis isn’t from group A Streptococcus. The adjuvant use of a ORP water present solution invention with antibiotics for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis likewise may shorten the period of clinical response and decrease the incidence of recurrences.
Method of the present The method invention could be used for the prevention or treatment of an infection, which is treatable with the ORP water solution of the present invention.
The infection is caused under the patronage of one or more infectious pathogens such as, as an example and infectious microorganisms. Such microorganisms can let’s say, bacteria, comprise, viruses or even fungi. As an output, the viruses can involve, one or more viruses selected from the group consisting of HIV, rhinoviruses, adenoviruses and also flu viruses. The bacteria can comprise, one or more bacteria selected from the group consisting of Escherichia Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobaterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and coli tuberculosis. The fungi can comprise, one or more fungi selected from the group consisting of Candida Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus or albicans athrophaeus. It’s a well method of the present The method invention as well could be used for the prevention or treatment of inflammatory conditions or allergic reactions, which are treatable with the ORP water solution of the invention.
In another embodiment, method of the present the method invention makes up parenterally administering the ORP water solution of the invention.
Parenteral administration can involve administering the ORP water invention solution subcutaneously, intravenously, intramuscularly and intraperitoneally. In a preferred embodiment, the ORP water present solution invention is administered intravenously to prevent or treat a condition in accordance with the method of the present invention. That said, suitable conditions can comprise, viral multiple sclerosis, AIDS and myocarditis. AIDS, myocarditis, multiple sclerosis or via intravenous administration of ORP water solutions.
The present invention additionally provides a method of treating impaired or damaged tissue, which method includes contacting the impaired or damaged tissue with a therapeutically effective ORP amount water solution of the present invention.
As to treat the impaired or damaged tissue in accordance with the present invention, any suitable method could be used for contacting the impaired or damaged tissue. As to contact the impaired or damaged tissue with the ORP water, for the impaired, damaged and example tissue is treated in accordance with the invention after irrigating the tissue with the ORP water invention solution. The ORP water present solution invention could be administered as a steam or by aerosolization, alternatively so as to contact the impaired or damaged tissue with the ORP water.
Method of the present The method invention could be used in the treatment of tissues, which been impaired or damaged, by surgery.
For instance, method of the present the method invention could be used for treating tissues, which are impaired or damaged under the patronage of an incision. Method of the present the method invention could be used for treating tissues, which are impaired or damaged with the help of oral graft surgery, chemotherapy, transplant surgery, implant surgery, surgery, amputation, cauterization and radiation, and combinations thereof. Now pay attention please. The oral surgery can comprise, dental and in addition for the sake of example surgery such as, root canal oth extraction, gum surgery, the like and surgery.
Method of the present The method invention includes treating tissues, which been impaired or damaged with the help of one or more combinations, rashes, abrasions, ulcers, scrapes, burns, puncture wounds or cuts thereof, which or even the like are not necessarily caused with the help of surgery.
Method of the present The method invention in addition is used for treating impaired or damaged tissue impaired or damaged, tissue, which is infected or because of infection. Such infection could be caused with the help of one or more infectious one, more, pathogens, such as and microorganisms selected from the group consisting of bacteria, viruses, fingi and as described herein.
The present invention further provides a method of disinfecting a surface, which method makes up contacting the surface with an anti infective ORP amount water solution of the present invention.
In accordance with method of the present the method invention, the surface is contacted using any suitable method. As to disinfect the surface in accordance with the invention, the surface is contacted by irrigating the surface with the RP water invention solution. The surface could be contacted with the help of applying the ORP water present solution invention to the surface as a steam or nebulization or atomization, additionally so as to disinfect the surface in accordance with the invention. Undoubtedly, further, the ORP water present solution invention could be applied to the surface with a cleaning wipe, as described herein. Then once again, after disinfecting a surface in accordance with the present invention, the surface should be cleansed of infectious microorganisms. Alternatively, the ORP water present solution invention could be applied to the surface to provide a barrier to infection, thereby disinfecting a surface in accordance with the present invention.
Method of the present The method invention could be used for disinfecting inanimate, a combination, a surface and even which is biological thereof.
Biological surfaces can more, comprise, tissues within one and as an example corpus cavities such and the thoracic, for the sake of example,,al cavity, as, the cranial cavity, the sinus cavity or the abdominal cavity cavity. Tissues within the oral cavity involve, mouth ngue tissue, gum tissue, tissue or throat tissue. Known the biological tissue in addition can involve muscle bone tissue,gan tissue, and combinations, mucosal tissue or tissue thereof. Reality, inanimate surfaces surgically implantable devices, medic, prosthetic devices, comprise and for instance devices. I’m sure you heard about this. In accordance with method of the present the method invention, the surfaces of internal organs, viscera, muscle, which or the like should be exposed in the process of to, surgery, is disinfected and in addition maintain sterility of the surgical environment.
The ORP present water invention is produced under the patronage of an oxidation reduction process, which is referred to as an electrolytic or redox reaction, in which electrical clean energy is used to produce chemical improvements in an aqueous solution.
Electrical renewable energy is introduced to and transported through water by the conduction of electrical charge from one point to another in the sort of an electrical current. In order for the electrical current to arise and subsist there must be charge carriers in the water, and there must be a force that makes the carriers move. For instance, as in the case of metal and semiconductors, the charge carriers is electrons or they could be positive and negative ions in the case of solutions.
ORP water solution in consonance with the invention. The specific reductive and oxidative reactions that occur are described in transnational Application WO 03/048421 A1. Anyways, water produced at an anode is referred to as anode water and water produced at a cathode is referred to as cathode water, as used herein. Anode water contains oxidized species produced from the electrolytic reaction while cathode water contains cut species from the reaction.
Anode water mostly has a lower pH typically of from approximately one to about Anode water generaly contains chlorine in different forms including, for instance, chlorine gas, hydrochloric and chloride ions acid and/or hypochlorous acid. Oxygen in numerous forms is likewise present as an example, peroxides, along with or oxygen gas/or ozone. Cathode water usually has a lofty pH typically of from approximately two to about Cathode water mostly contains hydrogen gas, hydroxyl radicals and/or sodium ions.
The ORP water invention solution might be essential, acidic or neutral, and generaly has a pH of from nearly one to about At this pH, the ORP water solution can safely be applied in suitable quantities to rough surfaces since not damaging the surfaces or harming objects, such as human skin, that comes to contact with the ORP water solution.
Different ionic and different species should be present in the ORP water invention solution.
The ORP water solution may contain chlorine, ozone and peroxides. On p of viruses, the presence of one or more of the following species is believed to contribute to the disinfectant ORP potential water solution to kill a lot of such as bacteria, microorganisms and fungi. Merely keep reading. Isn’t limited to, hypochlorous acid, hypochlorite ions, sodium hypochlorite, chloride ion, chlorite ions, chlorine dioxide, dissolved chlorine gas, and radical chlorine species, free chlorine typically includes. Anyhow, the ratio of hypochlorous acid to hypochlorite ion is dependent upon pH. I’m sure it sounds familiar.|Doesn’t it sound familiar?|Sounds familiar?|right? At a pH of 4, hypochlorous acid levels are from approximately 25 ppm to nearly 75 ppm. Temperature impacts ratio of the free the ratio chlorine component.
Typically, the tal chlorine content, which includes free chlorine and bound chlorine, is from around 50 parts per million to around 200 ppm. Preferably, the tal chlorine content is nearly 80 ppm to around 150 ppm. The chlorine content should be measured with the help of methods reputed in the craftsmanship, such as the DPD colorimeter method or other famous methods established with the help of the atmosphere Protection Agency. This is the case. In the DPD colorimeter method, a light yellow colour-tone is formed under the patronage of the reaction of free chlorine with N, Ndiethylpphenylenediamine and the intensity is measured with a calibrated calorimeter that provides the output in parts per million. Further addition of potassium iodide turns the solution a pink ne to provide the tal chlorine value. Besides, the percentage of bound chlorine present is then determined with the help of subtracting free chlorine from the tal chlorine.
Typically, chlorine dioxide is present in a quantity of from approximately 01 ppm to nearly five ppm, preferably from nearly 0 ppm to approximately 0 ppm, and more preferably from nearly 0 ppm to approximately five ppm.
Chlorine dioxide levels can be measured using a modified DPD colorimeter test. Forms of chlorine apart from chlorine dioxide are removed by addition of the amino the addition acid glycine. Chlorine dioxide reacts with the DPD reagent to yield a pink colour-tone that is measured with the help of a colorimeter machine. A well-famous reason that is. Ozone is generaly present in a percentage of from approximately 03 ppm to around two ppm, and preferably from around ten ppm to nearly 16 ppm. Ozone levels might be measured by famous methods, such as by a colorimetric method as described in Bader and Hoigne, 449456, fifteen or Water Research.
Hydrogen peroxide levels in the ORP water solution are primarily in the range of around 01 ppm to nearly 200 ppm, and preferably betwixt nearly 05 ppm and approximately 100 ppm. More preferably, hydrogen peroxide is present in an amount between around one ppm and nearly 40 ppm, and most preferably between nearly one ppm and four ppm. Nevertheless, peroxides are usually present in a concentration of less than 12 milliMolar. Level of the hydrogen The level peroxide could be measured under the patronage of electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Alternatively, it could be measured by a DPD method as described in Bader and Water Research, Hoigne and 22, ‘1109 1115’ which includes the aforementioned chlorine extra, species, oxygen species and species that can be ugh to measure such as Cl−, ClO3, Cl−, and ClOx. The level of oxidizing chemical species present may be measured with the help of ESR spectroscopy.
The ORP water invention solution is generaly stable for at least twentyhours, and typically at least 2 months.
More typically, the water solution is stable for at least one day, and preferably at least 2 months. More preferably, the ORP water solution is stable for at least 6 months after its preparation. More preferably, the ORP water solution is stable for at least one year, and most preferably for at least 3 years. The term stable usually refers to possibility of the ORP the opportunity water solution remain suitable for its intended for instance, in decontamination, sterilization, disinfection and use, ‘antimicrobial’ wound cleansing, cleansing or even for a specified notice of time after its preparation under normal storage conditions, as used herein.
The concentrations of ionic and various species present solution are usually maintained in the process of shelflife of the ORP the shelflife water solution.
Typically, the concentrations of free chlorine, hydrogen, ozone and also chlorine dioxide peroxides are maintained at about 70% or good from the initial concentration for at least 2 months right after ORP preparation water solution. Preferably, that kind of concentrations are maintained at about 80% or greater of their initial concentration for at least 2 months after ORP preparation water solution. More preferably, those concentrations are at about 90percentage or greater of their initial concentration for at least 2 months right after ORP preparation water about, most preferably, solution and 95percent or greater.
Stability of the ORP The stability water solution of the invention can be determined based on the reduction in the percentage of organisms present in a sample following exposure to the ORP water solution.
Measurement of the reduction The measurement of organism concentration might be carried out using any suitable organism along with viruses, bacteria, fungi. Are not limited Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, to and Bacillus athrophaeus, suitable organisms involve. The ORP water solution is useful as one and the other a ‘rather low level’ disinfectant capable of a 4 log, hypochlorite ions, sodium hypochlorite, chlorite ions, chloride ion, chlorine dioxide, dissolved chlorine gas, and mixtures thereof.
Hydrogen peroxide is present in the ORP water solution usually in the range of approximately 01 ppm to nearly 200 ppm, and preferably between around 05 ppm and around 100 ppm. More preferably, hydrogen peroxide is present in an amount betwixt around one ppm and nearly 40 ppm, and most preferably between approximately one ppm and four ppm. Thence, the tal percentage of free chlorine species is generaly between around ten ppm and nearly 400 ppm, preferably betwixt approximately 50 ppm and around 200 ppm, and most preferably between nearly 50 ppm and around 80 ppm. Let me tell you something. The percentage of hypochlorous acid is in the primarily between approximately fifteen ppm and nearly 35 ppm. That’s interesting right? The quantity of sodium hypochlorite is generaly in the range of nearly 25 ppm and nearly 50 ppm. Chlorine dioxide levels are usually less than nearly five ppm.
The ORP water solution comprising hydrogen peroxide and one or more chlorine species is stable as described herein.
Usually, the ORP water solution is stable for at least one day. Preferably, the ORP water solution is stable for at least 2 the ORP, more preferably or months water solution is stable for at least 6 months after its preparation. Yes, that’s right! Even more preferably, the ORP water solution is stable for at least one year, and most preferably for at least 3 years. PH of the ORP The pH water solution in this embodiment is usually between nearly 6 to about Preferably, the pH of the ORP water solution is between nearly two and nearly 8, and most preferably betwixt nearly four and about An exemplary ORP water solution of the present invention can consist of, from approximately one ppm to approximately four ppm hydrogen peroxide, from around fifteen ppm to nearly 35 ppm hypochlorous acid, from nearly 25 ppm to around 50 ppm sodium hypochlorite, a pH of from nearly two to nearly 8, and is stable for at least one month.
It’s suspected that the control of pH permits a stable ORP water solution in which hydrogen peroxide and chlorine by, species and such as way of example, hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid ions, coexist, while in no way limiting the present invention. Following its preparation, the ORP water invention solution should be transferred to a sealed container for distribution and sale to end users such as an example, overall health and as care facilities including the like, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes, doctor offices or outpatient surgical centers. Any suitable sealed container might be used that maintains the sterility and ORP stability water solution held by the container. The container should be constructed of actually any material that is compatible with the ORP water solution. Virtually, the ions present in the ORP water solution don’t react with the container to any appreciable extent because The container could be usually non reactive.
Preferably, the container is constructed of plastic or glass.
The container is capable of being stored on a shelf because The plastic might be rigid. Alternatively, plastic might be flexible, such as a flexible bag. Oftentimes suitable plastics comprise polypropylene, polyester terephthalate, mixtures, polyolefin, ABS resin, polycarbonate, cycloolefin, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and also thereof. Preferably, the container includes polyethylene selected from the group consisting of highdensity polyethylene, lowdensity polyethylene, and linear lowdensity polyethylene. Most preferably, the container is big density polyethylene.
The container has an opening to permit ORP dispensing water solution. The container opening can be sealed in any suitable manner. The container should be sealed with a twistoff cap or stopper. Optionally, the opening should be further sealed with a foil layer. The invention further provides a ORP water solution comprising anode water and cathode water. Anode water is produced in the anode electrolysis chamber cell used in the present invention. Cathode water is produced in the cathode electrolysis chamber cell.
Cathode water is generaly present in the ORP water solution solution in a percentage of from about 10% by volume to about 90percent by volume of the solution. Preferably, cathode water is present in the ORP water solution in a percentage of from about 10percent by volume to about 50% by volume, more preferably of from about 20% by volume to about 40% by solution volume, and most preferably of from about 20% by volume to about 30percentage by solution volume. Now regarding the aforementioned matter of fact. Additionally, anode water can be present in the ORP water solution in a percentage of from about 50% by volume to about 90percentage by solution volume.
The ORP water solution containing, no doubt both anode water and cathode water is neutral, general or even acidic, and usually has a pH of from approximately one to about Typically, pH of the ORP the pH water solution is from approximately three to about Preferably, the pH is nearly four to nearly 8, and more preferably from around four to about The ORP water solution of the invention has a wide various uses as cleaner, cleanser, the like, a disinfectant and likewise antiseptic to control the activity of unwanted or harmful substances present in the environment, as noted herein.
Substances that might be treated with the ORP water solution for instance,ganisms and allergens or comprise.
The ORP water solution might be used as sterilization agent, antiseptic, a disinfectant or even decontaminant and/or cleanser. The ORP water invention solution is suitable for use in the succeeding representative applications. The ORP water solution may be applied to humans and/or animals to treat numerous conditions for sake of example, as well as or even the subsequent. The use of ORP water solutions as a tissue cell growth promoter is further described in Patent Application Publication 2002/0160053 A1.
It’s reckoned that the ORP water solution eradicates the bacteria with which it contacts besides destroying the bacterial cellular components including proteins and DNA, while in no way limiting the present invention.
Are not limited fungi, viruses, to, yeasts and also bacteria, organisms that could be controlled. Cut and eradicated by treatment with the ORP water solution comprise. Are not limited Bacillus athrophaeus, Shingella, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, Streptococcus pyogenes and even to dysenteriae, and next susceptible bacteria, susceptible bacteria comprise. Fungi and yeasts that might be treated with the ORP water solution Trichophyton, involve, Candida albicans and also let’s say mentagrophytes. The ORP water solution may be applied to viruses human, adenovirus, let’s say and along with immunodeficiency virus, rhinovirus, influenza, hepatitis, coronavirus ), susceptible like herpes simplex virus, respiratory syncytial virus, varicella zoster virus, rubella virus and in addition rotavirus viruses.
The ORP invention water is likewise suitable for use in controlling the activity of allergens present in the environment.
Allergens comprise any substance apart from fungi, yeasts, bacteria, that and as well viruses can trigger an adverse immune response, allergy and even in susceptible guys or animals, as used herein. Asthma is a typical physiological response following exposure to one or more allergens. Allergens can be either viable or ‘non viable’, and can be present in the environment, in besides for the sake of example households and/or workplaces.
Proteinbased household allergens that might be treated with the ORP water comprise, household dust, skin, animal fur, weeds, feces, grasses or for sake of example, trees, pollens. Animal allergens horse dander, cow dander, guinea, cat epithelium, let’s say, dog dander, comprise and dog epithelium pig mouse epithelium, rat, rat epithelium, goose feathers, mouse urine or even epithelium urine. Occupational allergens comprise, let’s say, ‘highmolecularweight’ agents, such as usual proteins all in all derived from plant or animal proteins, and ‘lowmolecularweight’ material like such as diisocyanates and in addition chemicals looked with success for in some textiles. Think for a fraction of second. Other chemical allergens that can be present in the workplace comprise, wood dust, anhydrides, dyes, as an example and antibiotics. You can find some more info about this stuff on this web site. Quite a few proteins can be occupational allergens including vegetable gums, legumes, enzymes, plant proteins, animal proteins or insects.
More allergens suitable for treatment by the ORP water solution are described in Korenblat and practice, Allergy Theory and Wedner.
The ORP water solution might be applied to disinfect and sterilize in any suitable manner. To disinfect or sterilize medicinal or dental equipment, the equipment is maintained in contact with the ORP water solution for a sufficient time period to reduce the level of organisms present on the equipment to a desired level.
For disinfection and sterilization of ugh surfaces, the ORP water solution can be applied to the ugh surface first-hand from a container in which the ORP water solution is stored.
The ORP water solution can be otherwise, poured and sprayed immediately applied to the ugh surface. The ORP water solution may then be distributed over the ugh surface using a suitable substrate such for the sake of example, fabric, as, paper and also cloth towel. In hospital applications, the substrate is preferably sterile. Ok, and now one of very essential parts. Alternatively, the ORP water solution may 1st be applied to a substrate such as fabric, paper and cloth towel. The wetted substrate is then contacted with the rough surface. You will make it to account. Alternatively, the ORP water solution should be applied to rough surfaces while dispersing the solution to the air as described herein. The ORP water solution might be applied in an identic manner to humans and animals.
An implement may optionally be used to apply the ORP water solution to ugh surfaces such as floors, ceilings. The ORP water solution can be dispensed onto a mop head for application to floors. Another suitable implements for applying the ORP water solution to ugh surfaces are described in Pat. Considering the above said. This is where it starts getting practically serious. The invention further provides a cleaning wipe comprising a water insoluble substrate and the ORP water solution as described herein, wherein the ORP water solution is dispensed onto the substrate. The ORP water solution might be coated, impregnated, covered and otherwise applied to the substrate. Preferably, the substrate is pretreated with the ORP water solution in advance of cleaning distribution wipes to end users.
The substrate for the cleaning wipe should be any suitable water insoluble absorbent or adsorbent material.
It would have sufficient wet abrasivity, loft, porosity or strength. Further, the substrate must not adversely impact stability of the ORP the stability water solution. Examples involve non woven woven substrates, sponges, substrates or even hydroentangled substrates. The substrate may have one or more layers. Each layer may have very similar or unusual textures and abrasiveness. Differing textures can output from the use of exclusive combinations of materials or from the use of unusual manufacturing development or a combination thereof. The better not dissolve or break apart in water. The substrate provides the vehicle for delivering the ORP water solution to the surface to be treated.
The substrate can be a single nonwoven sheet or multiple nonwoven sheets.
The nonwoven sheet can be created out of wood normal fibers, blends, pulp or synthetic fibers thereof. Without limitation and even rayon cellulose polymers, suitable synthetic fibers for use in the substrate polypropylene. Involve. Polyester, polyethylene, and mixtures of such fibers. The nonwovens may involve nonwoven fibrous sheet materials which comprise meltblown, coform, air laid, spun wet laid, bonded and bond carded web hydroentangled materials, combinations and also materials thereof. This kind of materials can consist of synthetic or real fibers or combinations thereof.
The substrate may be created from woven materials, such as cotton fibers, cotton/nylon blends, or different textiles. Regenerated cellulose, which, the like, polyurethane foams or are used in making sponges, may be suitable for use. The liquid loading substrate capacity gonna be at least about 50%-1000percentage of the dry weight thereof, most preferably at least about 200%-800%. This is expressed as loading to ten times weight of the substrate the weight. Weight of the substrate The weight varies with nothing like limitation from nearly 01 to nearly 1000 grams per square meter, most preferably 25 to 120 grams/m2 and typically is produced as a sheet or web which is otherwise, cut, die cut and in addition sized to the appropriate shape and size.
The ORP water solution might be dispensed, covered, otherwise, coated or impregnated applied to the substrate by any suitable method. Individual portions of substrate might be treated with a discrete ORP amount water solution. Preferably, a mass treatment of a continuous web of substrate material with the ORP water solution is carried out. The whole web of substrate material can be soaked in the ORP water solution. As the substrate web is spooled, alternatively or in the course of creation of a nonwoven substrate, the ORP water solution is sprayed or metered onto the web. ORP water solution in its container by the manufacturer.
The cleaning wipes may optionally contain special components to refine properties of the wipes the properties. Whenever chelating agents, polysaccharides, solvents, buffers, polymers, surfactants or polyvinyl alcohols, mixtures, dyes, fragrances, colorants and likewise thickeners thereof to enhance properties of the wipes the properties, the cleaning wipes may further include polycarboxylates. This kind of optional components must not adversely impact stability of the ORP the stability water solution. Examples of a variety of components that may optionally be included in the cleaning wipes are described in Pat.
The cleaning invention wipes is individually sealed with a heatsealable or glueable thermoplastic overwrap. The wipes can in addition be packaged as quite a few, individual sheets for more economical dispensing. The cleaning wipes might be prepared with the help of 1st placing multiple substrate sheets in a dispenser and after all contacting the substrate sheets with the ORP water solution of the invention. Alternatively, the cleaning wipes could be formed as a continuous web while applying the ORP water solution to the substrate all along the manufacturing development and after that loading the wetted substrate to a dispenser.
Ain’t limited to, a canister with a closure, or a tub with closure, the dispenser includes.
The closure on the dispenser is to seal the moist wipes from the external environment and to prevent sudden liquid volatilization ingredients. The dispenser might be made from any suitable material that is compatible with, no doubt both the substrate and the ORP water solution. The dispenser can be made from plastic, such as big density polycarbonate, polyethylene, polypropylene and polyethylene terephthalate, polyvinyl chloride, or rigid plastics.
The continuous web of wipes should be threaded thru a thin opening in the p of most preferably, thru and the dispenser the closure.
Alternatively, the continuous web of wipes should be scored, partially, segmented, folded or perforated split into uniform or ‘non uniform’ sizes or lengths, which would then obviate the necessity for a sharp cutting edge. That the removal of one wipe advances the successive, Further, the wipes should be interleaved.
The ORP water invention solution may alternatively be dispersed to the environment thru a gaseous medium, such as air. The ORP water solution should be dispersed to the air by any suitable means. The ORP water solution might be formed to droplets of any suitable size and dispersed to a room. For short scale applications, the ORP water solution might be dispensed thru a spray bottle that includes a standpipe and pump. Alternatively, the ORP water solution should be packaged in aerosol containers. Aerosol containers usually involve the product to be propellant, valve, container and dispensed. The valve includes an actuator and dip tube. Contents of the container The contents are dispensed under the patronage of pressing down on the actuator. The a variety of aerosol components container are compatible with the ORP water solution. Suitable propellants may involve a liquefied halocarbon, hydrocarbon and halocarbon hydrocarbon blend, or a compressed gas such as carbon nitrogen, nitrous or dioxide oxide. Aerosol systems typically yield droplets that range in size from nearly fifteen μm to around five μm.
The ORP water solution should be dispensed in aerosol form as an integral element of an inhaler method for treatment of infections in the lungs and/or air passages or for the healing of wounds in such corpus parts.
Not limited to, water sprays, vaporizers, foggers, atomizers, humidifiers and even misters next spray devices, for larger scale applications, any suitable device should be used to disperse the ORP water solution to the air including. Such devices permit dispensing of the ORP the dispensing water solution on a continuous basis. An ejector which mixes air and water in a nozzle should be employed. The ORP water solution might be converted to steam, such as quite low pressure steam, and released to the air stream. Different types of humidifiers types might be used such as ultrasonic vaporizers, humidifiers or stream humidifiers, and evaporative humidifiers.
The particular device used to disperse the ORP water solution might be incorporated to a ventilation scheme to provide for widespread ORP application water solution over a whole apartments or healthcare facility. The ORP water solution may optionally contain a bleaching agent. The bleaching agent can be any suitable material that lightens or whitens a substrate. The ORP water solution containing a bleaching agent is used in home laundering to disinfect and sterilize bacteria and germs and brighten dress. Are not limited to, chlorine containing bleaching agents and peroxidecontaining bleaching agents, suitable bleaching agents involve. Mixtures of bleaching agents may likewise be added to the ORP water solution. Preferably, the bleaching agent is added in the type of an aqueous solution to the ORP water solution.
Chlorinecontaining bleaching agents useful in the present invention comprise chlorine, Nchloro compounds, chlorine and hypochlorites dioxide. Preferably, the chlorine containing bleaching agent added to the ORP water solution is sodium hypochlorite or hypochlorous acid. Whenever bleaching powder, dibasic magnesium chlorinated, hypochlorite and lithium hypochlorite trisodium phosphate, suitable ‘chlorinecontaining’ bleaching agents comprise calcium hypochlorite, bleach and chlorine liquor. Mixtures of chlorinecontaining bleaching agents might be used.
The addition of a bleaching agent to the ORP water solution can be carried out in any suitable manner.
Preferably, an aqueous solution containing the bleaching agent is 1st prepared. The aqueous solution containing the bleaching agent should be prepared using household bleach or other suitable source of ‘chlorinecontaining’ bleaching agent or bleaching agent. The bleaching agent solution is then mixed with the ORP water solution. The bleaching agent should be added to the ORP water solution in any suitable amount. Preferably, the ORP water solution containing a bleaching agent is non irritating to human or animal skin. Preferably, the tal chloride ion ORP content water solution containing a chlorine containing bleaching agent is from around 1000 ppm to nearly 5000 ppm, and preferably from nearly 1000 ppm to around 3000 ppm. PH of the ORP The pH water solution containing a chlorine containing bleaching agent is preferably from around 8 to approximately ten, and the ‘oxidativereductive’ potential is from about +700 mV to about +800 mV.
The ORP water solution may optionally contain additives suitable for the household and workplace cleaning environment. Suitable additives involve such as detergents, surfactants or cleaning agents. Perfumes or other scentproducing compounds may likewise be included to refine consumer ORP reception water solution. The present invention further provides a course of development for producing a ORP water solution using at least one electrolysis cell comprising an anode cathode chamber, chamber or salt solution chamber located between the anode and cathode chambers, wherein the ORP water solution consists of anode water and cathode water.
The electrolysis cell 100 has an anode chamber salt, cathode chamber 104 besides 102 solution chamber The salt solution chamber is located betwixt the anode chamber 102 and cathode chamber The anode chamber 102 has an inlet 108 and outlet 110 to permit the flow of water thru the anode chamber The cathode chamber 104 similarly has an inlet 112 and outlet 114 to permit the flow of water thru the cathode chamber The salt solution chamber 106 has an inlet 116 and outlet The electrolysis cell 100 preferably includes a housing to hold components all together.
The anode chamber 102 is separated from the salt solution chamber by an anode electrode 120 and an anion ion exchange membrane The anode electrode 120 might be put adjacent to the anode chamber 102 with the membrane 122 located between the anode electrode 120 and the salt solution chamber Alternatively, the membrane 122 should be positioned adjacent to the anode chamber 102 with the anode electrode 120 located between the membrane 122 and the salt solution chamber 106.
The cathode chamber 104 is separated from the salt solution chamber by a cathode electrode 124 and a cathode ion exchange membrane The cathode electrode 124 can be put adjacent to the cathode chamber 104 with the membrane 126 located between the cathode electrode 124 and the salt solution chamber Alternatively, the membrane 126 might be positioned adjacent to the cathode chamber 104 with the cathode electrode 124 located betwixt the membrane 126 and the salt solution chamber 106.
The electrodes are primarily constructed of metal to permit a voltage potential to be applied between the anode chamber and cathode chamber.
The metal electrodes are primarily planar and have related dimensions and ‘crosssectional’ surface field to ion that exchange membranes. The electrodes are configured to expose a substantial surface portion of the ion exchange members to the water in the respective anode chamber and cathode chamber. This permits the migration of ionic species betwixt the salt solution anode chamber, chamber and cathode chamber. Preferably, the electrodes have a plurality of passages or apertures evenly spaced across surface of the electrodes the surface.
The ion exchange membranes 122 and 126 used in the electrolysis cell 100 might be constructed of any suitable material to permit the exchange of ions between the salt solution chamber 106 and the anode chamber 102 such as chloride ions and between the salt solution salt solution chamber 106 and the cathode chamber 104 such as sodium ions. The anode ion exchange membrane 122 and cathode ion exchange membrane 126 can be same made or unusual material of construction. Preferably, the anode ion exchange membrane involves a fluorinated polymer. Suitable fluorinated polymers perfluorosulfonic acid polymers, copolymers, as an example or comprise such as perfluorosulfonic acid/PTFE copolymers and perfluorosulfonic acid/TFE copolymers. The ion exchange membrane might be constructed of a single layer of material or multiple layers.
Source of the water The source for the anode chamber 102 and cathode chamber 104 of the electrolysis cell 100 might be any suitable water supply.
The water might be from a municipal water supply or alternatively pretreated prior to use in the electrolysis cell. Preferably, the pretreated water is selected from the group consisting of softened deionized, water, distilled water and purified water water. More preferably, the pretreated water source is ultrapure water obtained using reverse osmosis purification equipment. The salt water solution for use in the salt water chamber 106 can be any aqueous salt solution that contains suitable ionic species to produce the ORP water solution. Preferably, the salt water solution is an aqueous sodium chloride salt solution, commonly referred to as a saline solution. Suitable salt solutions comprise chloride salts such as potassium ammonium chloride, chloride and magnesium chloride and next halogen salts such as potassium and bromine salts. The salt solution may contain a mixture of salts.
The numerous ionic species produced in the 3 chambered electrolysis cell useful in the invention are illustrated in FIG.
The 3 chambered electrolysis cell 200 includes an anode chamber cathode chamber 204, 202 or even a salt solution chamber Upon application of a suitable electrical current to the anode 208 and cathode 210, the ions present in the salt solution flowing thru the salt solution chamber 206 migrate thru the anode ion exchange membrane 212 and cathode ion exchange membrane 214 to the water flowing through the anode chamber 202 and cathode chamber 204.
Positive ions migrate from the salt solution 216 flowing thru the salt solution chamber 206 to the cathode water 218 flowing through the cathode chamber Negative ions migrate from the salt solution 216 flowing thru the salt solution chamber 206 to the anode water 220 flowing thru the anode chamber 202. Preferably, the salt solution 216 is aqueous sodium chloride that contains sodium ions and chloride ions ions. Positive Na+ ions migrate from the salt solution 216 to the cathode water Negative Cl− ions migrate from the salt solution 216 to the anode water 220.
The sodium ions and chloride ions may take part in further reaction in the anode chamber 202 and cathode chamber chloride ions can react with numerous oxygen ions and various species, oxygen, ozone, and peroxides.
In the cathode chamber 204, hydrogen gas, sodium hydroxide, hydroxide ions, ClOn− ions, and different radicals can be formed. The invention further provides for a procedure and apparatus for producing a ORP water solution using at least 2 3 chambered electrolysis cells. ORP water solution using 2 electrolysis invention cells is shown in FIG.
The sort out 300 includes 2 threechambered electrolytic cells, specifically a 1-st electrolytic cell 302 and 2nd electrolytic cell Water is otherwise, pumped and transferred dispensed from the water source 305 to anode chamber 306 and cathode chamber 1-st 308 electrolytic cell 302 and to anode chamber 310 and cathode chamber 312 of the 2nd electrolytic cell Typically, the analyse of the invention can produce from around one liter/min to approximately 50 liters/min of ORP water solution.
The production capacity should be increased by using extra electrolytic cells. For 7, 6, 9, 4, 8, example, 3 or 5, 10 or more 3 chambered electrolytic cells should be used to in increase output of the ORP the output water solution of the invention.
The anode water produced in the anode chamber 306 and anode chamber 310 is collected are collected in the mixing tank A cathode portion water produced in the cathode chamber 308 and cathode chamber 312 is collected in mixing tank 314 and mixed with the anode water. The remaining portion of cathode water produced meanwhile is discarded. The cathode water may optionally be subjected to gas separator 316 and/or gas separator 318 prior to addition to the mixing tank The gas separators remove gases such as hydrogen gas that are formed in cathode water at the time of the production process. The mixing tank 314 may optionally be connected to a recirculation pump 315 to permit homogenous anode mixing water and portion of cathode water from electrolysis cells 302 and Further, the mixing tank 314 may optionally involve suitable devices for monitoring the level and pH of the ORP water solution. The ORP water solution should be transferred from the mixing tank 314 via pump 317 for application in disinfection or sterilization at or near allocation of the mixing the allocation tank. Alternatively, the ORP water solution can be dispensed to suitable containers for shipment to a remote site.
The sort out 300 further includes a salt solution recirculation setup to provide the salt solution to salt solution chamber 1-st 322 electrolytic cell 302 and the salt solution chamber 324 of the 2-nd electrolytic cell The salt solution is prepared in the salt tank The salt is transferred via pump 321 to the salt solution chambers 322 and Preferably, the salt solution flows in series thru salt solution chamber 322 1-st followed by salt solution chamber Alternatively, the salt solution might be pumped to one and the other salt solution chambers simultaneously.
The salt solution may flow through a heat exchanger 326 in the mixing tank 314 to control temperature of the ORP the temperature water solution as needed, in advance of returning to the salt tank 320.
The ions present in the salt solution are depleted over time in the 1-st electrolytic cell 302 and 2-nd electrolytic cell An extra source of ions may periodically be added to the mixing tank 320 to replace the ions that are transferred to the anode water and cathode water.
The special source of ions might be used to maintain a constant salt pH solution which tends to drop over time. The source of special ions should be any suitable compound along with, let’s say and salts such as sodium chloride. Preferably, sodium hydroxide is added to the mixing tank 320 to replace the sodium ions that are transferred to the anode water and cathode water.
In another embodiment, the invention provides an apparatus for producing an oxidative reductive potential water solution comprising at least 2 threechambered electrolytic cells.
Electrolytic Each cells includes an anode salt, chamber, cathode chamber or solution chamber separating the anode and cathode chambers. The apparatus includes a mixing tank for collecting the anode water produced with the help of the electrolytic cells and a cathode portion water produced with the help of one or more of the electrolytic cells. Preferably, the apparatus further includes a salt recirculation method to permit salt recycling solution supplied to the salt solution chambers of the electrolytic cells.
this kind of examples demonstrate the one of a kind ORP features water solution of the invention. Samples of the ORP The samples water solution in Examples 13 were analyzed in accordance with the methods described herein to determine the real physical properties and levels of ionic and chemical species present in every sample. The pH, ‘oxidativereductive’ potential and ionic species present are set forth in Table one for every ORP sample water solution. The examples demonstrate the addition of a bleaching agent to the ORP water solution in accordance with the invention in different amounts. In particular, the examples demonstrate the antimicrobial activity and fabric bleaching compositions opportunity.